lunedì 27 febbraio 2017

# art-moda: creazione collezione autunno-inverno 2017-??

<< Il 22 febbraio è iniziata la #Milano Fashion Week che andrà avanti fino al 28. In foto una modella con una creazione della collezione autunno-inverno di Moschino. Photo: REUTERS/Stefano Rellandini >>

lunedì 20 febbraio 2017

# n-soc: fake news, by slow or/and fast catalysis, everyday, everywhere, in all ages

<< The rise of fake news has dominated the world of politics (..) But fake news is not at all new in the world of science >>

<< Fake news about science has always existed >>

<< What has changed now is social media and the potential to disseminate this kind of news much faster among social networks >>

Dominique Brossard. Communications expert explains  how science should respond to  fake news.  Feb. 18,  2017.

False Information Labeled “A Cancer” On Enlightened Democracy. Feb. 18,  2017

venerdì 17 febbraio 2017

# s-brain: reiterating perspectives: the Silhouette Illusion

<< If the foot touching the ground is perceived to be the left foot, the dancer appears to be spinning clockwise (if seen from above); >>

<< if it is taken to be the right foot, then she appears to be spinning counterclockwise >>

<< the way people perceive the Silhouette Illusion , a popular illusion that went viral and has received substantial online attention, has little to do with the viewers' personality, or whether they are left- or right-brained, despite the fact that the illusion is often used to test these attributes in popular e-quizzes >>

<< Niko Troje says that a reported preference for seeing the silhouette spinning clockwise rather than counter-clockwise is dependent upon the angle at which the viewer is seeing the image >>

<< Our visual system, if it has a choice, seems to prefer the view from above >>

New study debunks myth about popular optical illusion (Update). Dec. 21, 2010

Nikolaus F Troje, Matthew McAdam. The Viewing-from-Above Bias and the Silhouette Illusion. Jan. 1, 2010


lunedì 13 febbraio 2017

# n-usa: tracing Donald #POTUS: a new US triptych (?)


(1): accelerating the rise of (AI)  bots in the US

(2): pay attention to (Jay)walk; It could effectively be very dangerous ...

(3): gifts for  US Democrats

more (a): Chen' triptych, the first

2150 - il soffio di Chen. Jan 05, 2008.

more (b): 'Donald' in:

(1) << If President  Trump  really does push companies  to base  more of their production  in the US then those  that specialise in  robotics  and  automation  will probably  be  the  winners >>

Paul Diggle. Why  Donald Trump is inadvertently going to accelerate  the rise of robots. Jan. 25, 2017.

(2) << “Donald Trump has effectively created a way to deport individuals who have been accused, charged or convicted of anything from murder to jaywalking,” said Angelica Salas, executive director of the Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights of Los Angeles >>

Janell Ross, Aaron C. Davis & Joel Achenbach. Immigrant community on high alert, fearing Trump’s ‘deportation force’.  Feb. 11, 2017

(3) David Weigel, Karen Tumulty. A gift and a challenge for Democrats: A restive, active and aggressive base. Feb. 11, 2017.

FonT: il prossimo futuro potrebbe essere "facile" da percorrere ...  percio' sara' "difficile"; forse (e si sottolinea forse) nell'ambito di "strane" discipline quali la neuro- farmacologia e la neuro- epi- genetica si trovera' "l'adatta stringa" ...

venerdì 10 febbraio 2017

# n-behav: sometimes, mess is better

<< Sometimes, mess is better than order and precision >>

<< By breaking the rigidity of rules, we expose ourselves to unexpected twists and turns which push us to come up with creative, innovative and improvised ideas and answers >> Tim Harford

Pooja  Singh. The  magic  in  mess.  In this  volatile business world, can a  little messiness help spur creativity? Sun,  Jan  22  2017.  04  15  PM

giovedì 9 febbraio 2017

# s-gst-brain: trigger creativity also by noise in neural forecasting phenomena

<< The theory also posits a role for noise or variability in neural activity to explore different possible interpretations, even when the sensory input and prediction are the same >>

<< This noise-driven process of exploration may be the neural basis of creativity >>

How does the brain make perceptual predictions over time? Feb. 6, 2017

David J. Heeger. Theory of cortical function. PNAS. Feb. 3, 2017. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1619788114

martedì 7 febbraio 2017

# n-trade: don't worry Donald #Potus, by Jack

<< Jack Ma, who met US President Donald Trump last month and announced his company Alibaba would help create one million jobs in the United States, added: "The world needs globalisation, it needs trade".  Speaking in Melbourne at the launch of Alibaba's Australia and New Zealand headquarters, he said: "Everybody is concerned about trade wars. If trade stops, war starts >>

Samuel Osborne. 'If  trade stops, war starts' Alibaba founder who visited Donald Trump warns. 'The world needs  globalisation, it needs trade'. 6 Feb. 2017.

Jack  Ma, il fondatore  del colosso Alibaba, avverte  Donald Trump: “Se si ferma il commercio inizia  la  guerra”. 6 Feb. 2017

FonT: i sistemi "chiusi" sono fragili, deboli, instabili, involuti ...  difficili da realizzare e impossibili da stabilizzare ... vale per i  contesti naturali, vale per le societa' umane .... ormai dovrebbe rendersene conto chiunque ...


<< Amico, qualunque  cosa suonerai . . . suonerai Jelly Roll >> Jelly Roll Morton (opp. Mouton, alias di Ferdinand La Menthe, opp. La Mothe, New Orleans, 20 ott ~1885 - Los Angeles, 10 luglio 1941, ~56a).  Ref: Alan Lomax. "Mister Jelly Roll". Duell, Sloan & Pearce, New York (1950);  cit. in: Arrigo Polillo."JAZZ". Oscar Saggi Mondadori. (1977):315,325.

sabato 4 febbraio 2017

# s-ai: handling imperfect information (from scratch), by Libratus

<< As the great Kenny Rogers once said, a good gambler has to know when to hold ’em and know when to fold ’em. At the Rivers Casino in Pittsburgh this week, a computer program called Libratus may finally prove that computers can do this better than any human card player >>

<< Libratus was created by Tuomas Sandholm, a professor in the computer science department at CMU, and his graduate student Noam Brown >>

<< Playing poker involves dealing with imperfect information, which makes the game very complex, and more like many real-world situations >>

<< Poker has been one of the hardest games for AI to crack (..)   There is no single optimal move, but instead an AI player has to randomize its actions so as to make opponents uncertain when it is bluffing >> Andrew Ng

Will Knight. Why Poker Is a Big Deal for Artificial Intelligence. Jan. 23, 2017

<< Libratus, for one, did not use neural networks. Mainly, it relied on a form of AI known as reinforcement learning , a method of extreme trial-and-error. In essence, it played game after game against itself >>

<< By contrast [GO], Libratus learned from scratch.

Cade Metz. Inside Libratus, the Poker AI That Out-Bluffed the Best Humans. Feb.01, 2017 07:00 am


NoamBrown, Tuomas Sandholm. Safe and Nested Endgame Solving for Imperfect-Information Games.

venerdì 3 febbraio 2017

# s-gst: literature with arithmetic inside

AA << graphed the happiness and sadness of words that occurred across the pages of more than 1,300 fiction works to reveal the emotional arcs and discovered relatively few variations >>

<< A different study (..) found that sentence lengths in books frequently form a fractal pattern—a set of objects that repeat on a small and large scale, the way small, triangular leaflets make up larger, triangular leaves that make up a larger, triangular palm frond >>

<< Why analyze the mathematics of literature? >>

Mark  Fischetti. Great  Literature  Is  Surprisingly Arithmetic. Scientific  American.  Feb. 2017.

giovedì 2 febbraio 2017

# s-phys: squeezing hydrogen ... they're looking at something that's never existed before

<< This is the holy grail of high-pressure physics [..] It's the first-ever sample of metallic hydrogen on Earth, so when you're looking at it, you're looking at something that's never existed before >> Isaac F. Silvera

<< To create it [metallic hydrogen], Silvera and Dias squeezed a tiny hydrogen sample at 495 gigapascal, or more than 71.7 million pounds-per-square inch - greater than the pressure at the center of the Earth >>

<< In addition to helping scientists answer fundamental questions about the nature of matter, the material is theorized to have a wide range of applications, including as a room-temperature superconductor >>

Metallic hydrogen, once theory, becomes reality. Jan. 26, 2017

Ranga P. Dias, Isaac F. Silvera. Observation of the Wigner-Huntington transition to metallic hydrogen. Science  26 Jan 2017. DOI: 10.1126/science.aal1579

mercoledì 1 febbraio 2017

# s-chem: a viscoelastic tongue with reversible saliva (spit and softness) to hang on to the next meal

<< A frog uses its whip-like tongue to snag its prey faster than a human can blink, hitting it with a force five times greater than gravity >>

<< A frog's saliva is thick and sticky during prey capture, then turns thin and watery as prey is removed inside the mouth >>

<< The tongue, which was found to be as soft as brain tissue and 10 times softer than a human's tongue, stretches and stores energy much like a spring >>

<< This combination of spit and softness is so effective that it provides the tongue 50 times greater work of adhesion than synthetic polymer materials such as sticky-hand toys >>

<< There are actually three phases (..) When the tongue first hits the insect, the saliva is almost like water and fills all the bug's crevices. Then, when the tongue snaps back, the saliva changes and becomes more viscous—thicker than honey, actually—gripping the insect for the ride back. The saliva turns watery again when the insect is sheared off inside the mouth >>

Reversible saliva allows frogs to hang on to next meal.  Jan. 31, 2017

Alexis C.Noel, Hao-Yuan Guo, et al. Frogs use a viscoelastic tongue and non-Newtonian saliva to catch prey. Journal of The Royal Society Interface. Publ. 1 February 2017. DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2016.0764